ISSN:

1930-5346

eISSN:

1930-5338

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## Advances in Mathematics of Communications

August 2007 , Volume 1 , Issue 3

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2007, 1(3): 281-286
doi: 10.3934/amc.2007.1.281

*+*[Abstract](2242)*+*[PDF](124.9KB)**Abstract:**

Here, we improve our previous bound on the number of finite fields over which elliptic curves of cryptographic interest with a given embedding degree and small complex multiplication discriminant may exist. We also give some heuristic arguments which lead to a lower bound which in some cases is close to our upper bound.

2007, 1(3): 287-306
doi: 10.3934/amc.2007.1.287

*+*[Abstract](1544)*+*[PDF](264.6KB)**Abstract:**

Four different ways of obtaining low-density parity-check codes from expander graphs are considered. For each case, lower bounds on the minimum stopping set size and the minimum pseudocodeword weight of expander (LDPC) codes are derived. These bounds are compared with the known eigenvalue-based lower bounds on the minimum distance of expander codes. Furthermore, Tanner's parity-oriented eigenvalue lower bound on the minimum distance is generalized to yield a new lower bound on the minimum pseudocodeword weight. These bounds are useful in predicting the performance of LDPC codes under graph-based iterative decoding and linear programming decoding.

2007, 1(3): 307-319
doi: 10.3934/amc.2007.1.307

*+*[Abstract](1593)*+*[PDF](166.1KB)**Abstract:**

We study the asymptotic behavior of stream cipher security mea- sures associated with classes of sequence generators such as linear feedback shift registers and feedback with carry shift registers. For nonperiodic sequences we consider normalized measures and study the set of accumulation points for a fixed sequence. We see that the set of accumulation points is always a closed subinterval of $[0, 1]$. For binary or ternary FCSRs we see that this interval is of the form $[B, 1-B]$, a result that is an analog of an earlier result by Dai, Jiang, Imamura, and Gong for LFSRs.

2007, 1(3): 321-330
doi: 10.3934/amc.2007.1.321

*+*[Abstract](1677)*+*[PDF](135.8KB)**Abstract:**

A Costas array of order $n$ is an arrangement of dots and blanks into $n$ rows and $n$ columns, with exactly one dot in each row and each column, the arrangement satisfying certain specified conditions. A dot occurring in such an array is even/even if it occurs in the $i$-th row and $j$-th column, where $i$ and $j$ are both even integers, and there are similar definitions of odd/odd, even/odd and odd/even dots. Two types of Costas arrays, known as Golomb-Costas and Welch-Costas arrays, can be defined using finite fields. When $q$ is a power of an odd prime, we enumerate the number of even/even odd/odd, even/odd and odd/even dots in a Golomb-Costas array. We show that three of these numbers are equal and they differ by $\pm 1$ from the fourth. For a Welch-Costas array of order $p-1$, where $p$ is an odd prime, the four numbers above are all equal to $(p-1)/4$ when $p\equiv 1(\mod 4)$, but when $p\equiv 3(\mod 4)$, we show that the four numbers are defined in terms of the class number of the imaginary quadratic field $\mathbb Q(\sqrt{-p})$, and thus behave in a much less predictable manner.

2007, 1(3): 331-356
doi: 10.3934/amc.2007.1.331

*+*[Abstract](1647)*+*[PDF](280.7KB)**Abstract:**

List decoding of block codes is an alternative approach to the decoding problem with appealing qualities. The fairly recent development of efficient algorithms for list decoding of Reed-Solomon codes spur new fuel to the study of this decoding strategy. In this paper we give a weight-based characterization of the set of correctable error patterns under list-of-2 ecoding of $(\tau, 2$)-list-decodable linear codes with known weight distribution. We apply our characterization of the set of correctable error patterns to a few codes in a family of low-rate list-of-2 decodable Reed-Solomon codes. We study the increase in error-correction performance obtained in a symmetric AWGN channel by using list-of-2 decoding instead of traditional decoding for these codes. Some simulation results for list-of-2 decoding on QAM channels using the Guruswami-Sudan algorithm for decoding of Reed-Solomon codes are also presented.

2007, 1(3): 357-398
doi: 10.3934/amc.2007.1.357

*+*[Abstract](2066)*+*[PDF](460.1KB)**Abstract:**

We present a general theory for decomposing additive self-dual codes over $\mathbbF_4$ that have an automorphism of odd prime order. We apply the decomposition to codes of length $n$ with $13\leq n\leq30$ and automorphisms of prime order $r$ with $5\leq r\leq23$. Using this decomposition we classify all extremal/optimal additive self-dual codes with certain parameters in this list. In the process, we find the first $(18$,

*2*

^{18}, $7)$, $(24$,

*2*

^{24}, $8)$, and $(28$,

*2*

^{28}, $10)$ Type I codes. We also improve the lower bounds on the number of known extremal/optimal additive self-dual codes for some values of $n$ with $13\leq n\leq 30$.

2018 Impact Factor: 0.879

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