Inverse Problems and Imaging
February 2022 , Volume 16 , Issue 1
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We present a non-iterative algorithm to reconstruct the isotropic acoustic wave speed from the measurement of the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map. The algorithm is designed based on the boundary control method and involves only computations that are stable. We prove the convergence of the algorithm and present its numerical implementation. The effectiveness of the algorithm is validated on both constant speed and variable speed, with full and partial boundary measurement as well as different levels of noise.
A common task in inverse problems and imaging is finding a solution that is sparse, in the sense that most of its components vanish. In the framework of compressed sensing, general results guaranteeing exact recovery have been proven. In practice, sparse solutions are often computed combining
We consider a half-order time-fractional diffusion equation in arbitrary dimension and investigate inverse problems of determining the source term or the diffusion coefficient from spatial data at an arbitrarily fixed time under some additional assumptions. We establish the stability estimate of Lipschitz type in the inverse problems and the proofs are based on the Bukhgeim-Klibanov method by using Carleman estimates.
In this paper, we consider the imaging problem of terahertz (THz) tomography, in particular as it appears in non-destructive testing. We derive a nonlinear mathematical model describing a full THz tomography experiment, and consider linear approximations connecting THz tomography with standard computerized tomography and the Radon transform. Based on the derived models we propose different reconstruction approaches for solving the THz tomography problem, which we then compare on experimental data obtained from THz measurements of a plastic sample.
The Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation yields a mathematical model to describe the evolution of the magnetization of a magnetic material, particularly in response to an external applied magnetic field. It allows one to take into account various physical effects, such as the exchange within the magnetic material itself. In particular, the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation encodes relaxation effects, i.e., it describes the time-delayed alignment of the magnetization field with an external magnetic field. These relaxation effects are an important aspect in magnetic particle imaging, particularly in the calibration process. In this article, we address the data-driven modeling of the system function in magnetic particle imaging, where the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation serves as the basic tool to include relaxation effects in the model. We formulate the respective parameter identification problem both in the all-at-once and the reduced setting, present reconstruction algorithms that yield a regularized solution and discuss numerical experiments. Apart from that, we propose a practical numerical solver to the nonlinear Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation, not via the classical finite element method, but through solving only linear PDEs in an inverse problem framework.
Radar interferometry is an advanced remote sensing technology that utilizes complex phases of two or more radar images of the same target taken at slightly different imaging conditions and/or different times. Its goal is to derive additional information about the target, such as elevation. While this kind of task requires centimeter-level accuracy, the interaction of radar signals with the target, as well as the lack of precision in antenna position and other disturbances, generate ambiguities in the image phase that are orders of magnitude larger than the effect of interest.
Yet the common exposition of radar interferometry in the literature often skips such topics. This may lead to unrealistic requirements for the accuracy of determining the parameters of imaging geometry, unachievable precision of image co-registration, etc. To address these deficiencies, in the current work we analyze the problem of interferometric height reconstruction and provide a careful and detailed account of all the assumptions and requirements to the imaging geometry and data processing needed for a successful extraction of height information from the radar data. We employ two most popular scattering models for radar targets: an isolated point scatterer and delta-correlated extended scatterer, and highlight the similarities and differences between them.
Sparse regression plays a very important role in statistics, machine learning, image and signal processing. In this paper, we consider a high-dimensional linear inverse problem with
. Computed Tomography (CT) takes X-ray measurements on the subjects to reconstruct tomographic images. As X-ray is radioactive, it is desirable to control the total amount of dose of X-ray for safety concerns. Therefore, we can only select a limited number of measurement angles and assign each of them limited amount of dose. Traditional methods such as compressed sensing usually randomly select the angles and equally distribute the allowed dose on them. In most CT reconstruction models, the emphasize is on designing effective image representations, while much less emphasize is on improving the scanning strategy. The simple scanning strategy of random angle selection and equal dose distribution performs well in general, but they may not be ideal for each individual subject. It is more desirable to design a personalized scanning strategy for each subject to obtain better reconstruction result. In this paper, we propose to use Reinforcement Learning (RL) to learn a personalized scanning policy to select the angles and the dose at each chosen angle for each individual subject. We first formulate the CT scanning process as an Markov Decision Process (MDP), and then use modern deep RL methods to solve it. The learned personalized scanning strategy not only leads to better reconstruction results, but also shows strong generalization to be combined with different reconstruction algorithms.
This paper considers the problem of identifying dislocation lines of curvilinear form in three-dimensional materials from boundary measurements, when the areas surrounded by the dislocation lines are assumed to be small-sized. The objective of this inverse problem is to reconstruct the number, the initial position and certain characteristics of these dislocations and establish, using certain test functions, a Hölder stability of the centers. This paper can be considered as a generalization of [
In two dimensions, we consider the problem of inversion of the attenuated
In this paper we study the inverse problem of determining an electrical inclusion in a multi-layer composite from boundary measurements in 2D. We assume the conductivities in different layers are different and derive a stability estimate for the linearized map with explicit formulae on the conductivity and the thickness of each layer. Intuitively, if an inclusion is surrounded by a highly conductive layer, then, in view of "the principle of the least work", the current will take a path in the highly conductive layer and disregard the existence of the inclusion. Consequently, a worse stability of identifying the hidden inclusion is expected in this case. Our estimates indeed show that the ill-posedness of the problem increases as long as the conductivity of some layer becomes large. This work is an extension of the previous result by Nagayasu-Uhlmann-Wang[
In this article, we discuss quantitative Runge approximation properties for the acoustic Helmholtz equation and prove stability improvement results in the high frequency limit for an associated partial data inverse problem modelled on [
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