Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S
October 2017 , Volume 10 , Issue 5
Issue on recent advances of differential equations with applications in life sciences
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In this paper we develop a non-autonomous reaction-diffusion model with the Robin boundary conditions to describe insect dispersal on an isotropically varying domain. We investigate the stability of the reaction-diffusion model. The stability results of the model describe either insect survival or vanishing.
In this paper, we study dynamics in delayed nonlinear hydraulic cylinder equation, with particular attention focused on several types of bifurcations. Firstly, basing on a series of original equations, we model a nonlinear delayed differential equations associated with hydraulic cylinder in glue dosing processes for particleboard. Secondly, we identify the critical values for fixed point, Hopf, Hopf-zero, double Hopf and tri-Hopf bifurcations using the method of bifurcation analysis. Thirdly, by applying the multiple time scales method, the normal form near the Hopf-zero bifurcation critical points is derived. Finally, two examples are presented to demonstrate the application of the theoretical results.
In this paper, we study the existence of periodic solutions for perturbed dynamic equations on time scales. Our approach is based on the averaging method. Further, we extend some averaging theorem to periodic solutions of dynamic equations on time scales to $k-$th order in $\varepsilon$. More precisely, results of higher order averaging for finding periodic solutions are given via the topological degree theory.
This paper is devoted to the study of a single-species population model with stage structure and strong Allee effect. By taking $τ$ as a bifurcation parameter, we study the Hopf bifurcation and global existence of periodic solutions using Wu's theory on global Hopf bifurcation for FDEs and the Bendixson criterion for higher dimensional ODEs proposed by Li and Muldowney. Some numerical simulations are presented to illustrate our analytic results using MATLAB and DDE-BIFTOOL. In addition, interesting phenomenon can be observed such as two kinds of bistability.
We show that if the Lyapunov exponents associated to a linear equation $x'=A(t)x$ are equal to the given limits, then this asymptotic behavior can be reproduced by the solutions of the nonlinear equation $x'=A(t)x+f(t, x)$ for any sufficiently small perturbation $f$. We consider the linear equation with a very general nonuniform behavior which has different growth rates.
In this paper, we are concerned with a reaction-diffusion model, known as the Sel'kov-Schnakenberg system, and study the associated steady state problem. We obtain existence and nonexistence results of nonconstant steady states, which in turn imply the criteria for the formation of spatial pattern (especially, Turing pattern). Our results reveal the different roles of the diffusion rates of the two reactants in generating spatial pattern.
The eco-epidemiology, combining interacting species with epidemiology, can describe some complex phenomena in real ecosystem. Most diseases contain the latent stage in the process of disease transmission. In this paper, a spatial eco-epidemiological model with delay and disease in the predator is studied. By mathematical analysis, the characteristic equations are derived, then we give the conditions of diffusion-driven equilibrium instability and delay-driven equilibrium instability, and find the ranges of existence of Turing patterns in parameter space. Moreover, numerical results indicate that a parameter variation has influences on time and spatially averaged densities of pattern reaching stationary states when other parameters are fixed. The obtained results may explain some mechanisms of phenomena existing in real ecosystem.
The author considers a generalized transversality theorem of the mappings with parameter in infinite dimensional Banach space. If the mapping is generalized transversal to a single point set, and in the sense of exterior parameters, the mapping is a Fredholm operator, then there exists a residual set of parameter, such that the Fredholm operator is generalized transversal to the single point set.
In this paper, we study a coupled two-cell Schnakenberg model with homogenous Neumann boundary condition, i.e.,
We give a priori estimate to the positive solution. Meanwhile, we obtain the non-existence and existence of positive non-constant solution as parameters
This paper is concerned with the dynamics of traveling wave solutions for a reaction-diffusion predator-prey model with a nonlocal delay. By using Schauder's fixed point theorem, we establish the existence result of a traveling wave solution connecting two steady states by constructing a pair of upper-lower solutions which are easy to construct in practice. We also investigate the asymptotic behavior of traveling wave solutions by employing the standard asymptotic theory.
Oncolytic virotherapy is an experimental treatment of cancer patients. This method is based on the administration of replication-competent viruses that selectively destroy tumor cells but remain healthy tissue unaffected. In order to obtain optimal dosage for complete tumor eradication, we derive and analyze a new oncolytic virotherapy model with a fixed time period
The present paper is concerned with semi-classical solitary wave solutions of a generalized Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation in
This paper is devoted to the invasion traveling wave solutions for a temporally discrete delayed reaction-diffusion competitive system. The existence of invasion traveling wave solutions is established by using Schauder's fixed point Theorem. Ikeharaś theorem is applied to show the asymptotic behaviors. We further investigate the monotonicity and uniqueness invasion traveling waves with the help of sliding method and strong maximum principle.
We present some new Lyapunov-type inequalities for boundary value problems of the form
In this paper, we are mainly considered with a kind of homogeneous diffusive Thomas model arising from biochemical reaction. Firstly, we use the invariant rectangle technique to prove the global existence and uniqueness of the positive solutions of the parabolic system, and then use the maximum principle to show the existence of attraction region which attracts all the solutions of the system regardless of the initial values. Secondly, we consider the long time behaviors of the solutions of the system; Thirdly, we derive precise parameter ranges where the system does not have non-constant steady states by using use some useful inequalities and a priori estimates; Finally, we prove the existence of Turing patterns by using the steady state bifurcation theory.
The stability analysis of a chemotaxis model with a bistable growth term in both unbounded and bounded domains is studied analytically. By the global bifurcation theorem, we identify the full parameter regimes in which the steady state bifurcation occurs.
This paper deals with a higher-order wave equation with general nonlinear dissipation and source term
which was studied extensively when
In the present paper the dynamics of a Leslie-Gower predator-prey model with Michaelis-Menten type predator harvesting is studied. We give out all the possible ranges of parameters for which the model has up to five equilibria. We prove that these equilibria can be topological saddles, nodes, foci, centers, saddle-nodes, cusps of codimension 2 or 3. Numerous kinds of bifurcations also occur, such as the transcritical bifurcation, pitchfork bifurcation, Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation and homoclinic bifurcation. Several numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the validity of our results.
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