Kinetic and Related Models
August 2018 , Volume 11 , Issue 4
Special issue celebrating the 10th anniversary of KRM
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The numerical approximation of the solution of the Fokker-Planck equation is a challenging problem that has been extensively investigated starting from the pioneering paper of Chang and Cooper in 1970 [
We study the long time behavior of measure-valued isotropic solutions
We propose a new class of asymptotic preserving schemes to solve kinetic equations with mono-kinetic singular limit. The main idea to deal with the singularity is to transform the equations by appropriate scalings in velocity. In particular, we study two biologically related kinetic systems. We derive the scaling factors, and prove that the rescaled solution does not have a singular limit, under appropriate spatial non-oscillatory assumptions, which can be verified numerically by a newly developed asymptotic preserving scheme. We set up a few numerical experiments to demonstrate the accuracy, stability, efficiency and asymptotic preserving property of the schemes.
In the present paper, we study a system of viscous conservation laws, which is rewritten to a symmetric hyperbolic-parabolic system, in one-dimensional half space. For this system, we derive a convergence rate of the solutions towards the corresponding stationary solution with/without the stability condition. The essential ingredient in the proof is to obtain the a priori estimate in the weighted Sobolev space. In the case that all characteristic speeds are negative, we show the solution converges to the stationary solution exponentially if an initial perturbation belongs to the exponential weighted Sobolev space. The algebraic convergence is also obtained in the similar way. In the case that one characteristic speed is zero and the other characteristic speeds are negative, we show the algebraic convergence of solution provided that the initial perturbation belongs to the algebraic weighted Sobolev space. The Hardy type inequality with the best possible constant plays an essential role in deriving the optimal upper bound of the convergence rate. Since these results hold without the stability condition, they immediately mean the asymptotic stability of the stationary solution even though the stability condition does not hold.
In the current paper, we consider large time behavior of solutions to scalar conservation laws with an artificial heat flux term. In the case where the heat flux is governed by Fourier's law, the equation is scalar viscous conservation laws. In this case, existence and asymptotic stability of one-dimensional viscous shock waves have been studied in several papers. The main concern in the current paper is a $2 × 2$ system of hyperbolic equations with relaxation which is derived by prescribing Cattaneo's law for the heat flux. We consider the one-dimensional Cauchy problem for the system of Cattaneo-type and show existence and asymptotic stability of viscous shock waves. We also obtain the convergence rate by utilizing the weighted energy method. By letting the relaxation time zero in the system of Cattaneo-type, the system is formally deduced to scalar viscous conservation laws of Fourier-type. This is a singular limit problem which occurs an initial layer. We also consider the singular limit problem associated with viscous shock waves.
In this paper, we propose a formal derivation of the Chapman-Enskog asymptotics for a mixture of monoatomic and polyatomic gases. We use a direct extension of the model devised in [
We present pathwise flocking dynamics and local sensitivity analysis for the Cucker-Smale(C-S) model with random communications and initial data. For the deterministic communications, it is well known that the C-S model can model emergent local and global flocking dynamics depending on initial data and integrability of communication function. However, the communication mechanism between agents is not a priori clear and needs to be figured out from observed phenomena and data. Thus, uncertainty in communication is an intrinsic component in the flocking modeling of the C-S model. In this paper, we provide a class of admissible random uncertainties which allows us to perform the local sensitivity analysis for flocking and establish stability to the random C-S model with uncertain communication.
Flux-limited Keller-Segel (FLKS) model has been recently derived from kinetic transport models for bacterial chemotaxis and shown to represent better the collective movement observed experimentally. Recently, associated to the kinetic model, a new instability formalism has been discovered related to stiff chemotactic response. This motivates our study of traveling wave and aggregation in population dynamics of chemotactic cells based on the FLKS model with a population growth term.
Our study includes both numerical and theoretical contributions. In the numerical part, we uncover a variety of solution types in the one-dimensional FLKS model additionally to standard Fisher/KPP type traveling wave. The remarkable result is a counter-intuitive backward traveling wave, where the population density initially saturated in a stable state transits toward an unstable state in the local population dynamics. Unexpectedly, we also find that the backward traveling wave solution transits to a localized spiky solution as increasing the stiffness of chemotactic response.
In the theoretical part, we obtain a novel analytic formula for the minimum traveling speed which includes the counter-balancing effect of chemotactic drift vs. reproduction/diffusion in the propagating front. The front propagation speeds of numerical results only slightly deviate from the minimum traveling speeds, except for the localized spiky solutions, even for the backward traveling waves. We also discover an analytic solution of unimodal traveling wave in the large-stiffness limit, which is certainly unstable but exists in a certain range of parameters.
The Boltzmann-Enskog equation for a hard sphere gas is known to have so called microscopic solutions, i.e., solutions of the form of time-evolving empirical measures of a finite number of hard spheres. However, the precise mathematical meaning of these solutions should be discussed, since the formal substitution of empirical measures into the equation is not well-defined. Here we give a rigorous mathematical meaning to the microscopic solutions to the Boltzmann-Enskog equation by means of a suitable series representation.
We characterize the long-time behaviour of solutions to Smoluchowski's coagulation equation with a diagonal kernel of homogeneity
We study hypocoercivity for a class of linearized BGK models for continuous phase spaces. We develop methods for constructing entropy functionals that enable us to prove exponential relaxation to equilibrium with explicit and physically meaningful rates. In fact, we not only estimate the exponential rate, but also the second time scale governing the time one must wait before one begins to see the exponential relaxation in the $L^1$ distance. This waiting time phenomenon, with a long plateau before the exponential decay "kicks in" when starting from initial data that is well-concentrated in phase space, is familiar from work of Aldous and Diaconis on Markov chains, but is new in our continuous phase space setting. Our strategies are based on the entropy and spectral methods, and we introduce a new "index of hypocoercivity" that is relevant to models of our type involving jump processes and not only diffusion. At the heart of our method is a decomposition technique that allows us to adapt Lyapunov's direct method to our continuous phase space setting in order to construct our entropy functionals. These are used to obtain precise information on linearized BGK models. Finally, we also prove local asymptotic stability of a nonlinear BGK model.
Consider the linear Boltzmann equation of radiative transfer in a half-space, with constant scattering coefficient
We establish a uniform error estimate of a finite difference method for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger (KGS) equations with two dimensionless parameters
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