Kinetic & Related Models
October 2019 , Volume 12 , Issue 5
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In this paper, it is proved that the macroscopic parts of the relativistic Boltzmann equation will be continuous, even though the macroscopic components are discontinuity initially. The Lorentz transformation plays an important role to prove the continuity of nonlinear term.
In this paper we study the general discrete-velocity models of Boltzmann equation with uncertainties from collision kernel and random inputs. We follow the framework of Kawashima and extend it to the case of diffusive scaling in a random setting. First, we provide a uniform regularity analysis in the random space with the help of a Lyapunov-type functional, and prove a uniformly (in the Knudsen number) exponential decay towards the global equilibrium, under certain smallness assumption on the random perturbation of the collision kernel, for suitably small initial data. Then we consider the generalized polynomial chaos based stochastic Galerkin approximation (gPC-SG) of the model, and prove the spectral convergence and the exponential time decay of the gPC-SG error uniformly in the Knudsen number.
In this paper, we consider
We present a probabilistic approach for derivation of the kinetic Cucker-Smale (C-S) equation from the particle C-S model with singular communication. For the system we are considering, it is impossible to validate effective description for certain special initial data, thus such a probabilistic approach is the best one can hope for. More precisely, we consider a system in which kinetic trajectories are deviated from a microscopic model and use a suitable probability measure to quantify the randomness in the initial data. We show that the set of "bad initial data" does in fact have small measure and that this small probability decays to zero algebraically, as
In this paper we study the discrete coagulation–fragmentation models with growth, decay and sedimentation. We demonstrate the existence and uniqueness of classical global solutions provided the linear processes are sufficiently strong. This paper extends several previous results both by considering a more general model and and also signnificantly weakening the assumptions. Theoretical conclusions are supported by numerical simulations.
We consider a linear perturbation in the velocity field of the transport equation. We investigate solutions in the space of bounded Radon measures and show that they are differentiable with respect to the perturbation parameter in a proper Banach space, which is predual to the Hölder space
The Ensemble Kalman Filter method can be used as an iterative numerical scheme for parameter identification ornonlinear filtering problems. We study the limit of infinitely large ensemble size and derive the corresponding mean-field limit of the ensemble method. The solution of the inverse problem is provided by the expected value of the distribution of the ensembles and the kinetic equation allows, in simple cases, to analyze stability of these solutions. Further, we present a slight but stable modification of the method which leads to a Fokker-Planck-type kinetic equation. The kinetic methods proposed here are able to solve the problem with a reduced computational complexity in the limit of a large ensemble size. We illustrate the properties and the ability of the kinetic model to provide solution to inverse problems by using examples from the literature.
In this paper, we consider a parabolic-elliptic system of partial differential equations in the three dimensional setting that arises in the study of biological transport networks. We establish the local existence of strong solutions and present a blow-up criterion. We also show that the solutions exist globally in time under the some smallness conditions of initial data and of the source.
In this note we prove that, under some minimal regularity assumptions on the initial datum, solutions to the spatially homogenous Boltzmann and Landau equations for hard potentials uniformly propagate the Fisher information. The proof of such a result is based upon some explicit pointwise lower bound on solutions to Boltzmann equation and strong diffusion properties for the Landau equation. We include an application of this result related to emergence and propagation of exponential tails for the solution's gradient. These results complement estimates provided in [
We consider a linear phonon Boltzmann equation with a reflecting/transmitting/absorbing interface. This equation appears as the Boltzmann-Grad limit for the energy density function of a harmonic chain of oscillators with inter-particle stochastic scattering in the presence of a heat bath at temperature
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