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Kinetic & Related Models

June 2021 , Volume 14 , Issue 3

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Mathematical modelling of charge transport in graphene heterojunctions
Luigi Barletti, Giovanni Nastasi, Claudia Negulescu and Vittorio Romano
2021, 14(3): 407-427 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021010 +[Abstract](396) +[HTML](142) +[PDF](692.1KB)
Abstract:

A typical graphene heterojunction device can be divided into two classical zones, where the transport is basically diffusive, separated by a "quantum active region" (e.g., a locally gated region), where the charge carriers are scattered according to the laws of quantum mechanics. In this paper we derive a mathematical model of such a device, where the classical regions are described by drift-diffusion equations and the quantum zone is seen as an interface where suitable transmission conditions are imposed that take into account the quantum scattering process. Numerical simulations show good agreement with experimental data.

A mean-field limit of the particle swarmalator model
Seung-Yeal Ha, Jinwook Jung, Jeongho Kim, Jinyeong Park and Xiongtao Zhang
2021, 14(3): 429-468 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021011 +[Abstract](596) +[HTML](136) +[PDF](542.7KB)
Abstract:

We present a mean-field limit of the particle swarmalator model introduced in [46] with singular communication weights. For a mean-field limit, we employ a probabilistic approach for the propagation of molecular chaos and suitable cut-offs in singular terms, which results in the validation of the mean-field limit. We also provide a local-in-time well-posedness of strong and weak solutions to the derived kinetic swarmalator equation.

On group symmetries of the hydrodynamic equations for rarefied gas
Alexander V. Bobylev and Sergey V. Meleshko
2021, 14(3): 469-482 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021012 +[Abstract](321) +[HTML](153) +[PDF](340.92KB)
Abstract:

The invariant group transformations of three-dimensional hydrodynamic equations derived from the Boltzmann equation are studied. Three levels (with respect to the Knudsen number) of hydrodynamic description are considered and compared: (a) Euler equations, (b) Navier-Stokes equations, (c) Generalized Burnett equations (GBEs), which replace the original (ill-posed) Burnett equations. The main attention is paid to group analysis of GBEs in their most general formulation because this and related questions have not been studied before in the literature. The results of group analysis of GBEs and, for comparison, of similar results for Euler and Navier-Stokes equations are presented in two theorems and discussed in detail. It is remarkable that the use of computer code greatly simplifies the proof of the results for GBEs, which are very cumbersome equations with many undetermined parameters.

Polytropic gas modelling at kinetic and macroscopic levels
Vladimir Djordjić, Milana Pavić-Čolić and Nikola Spasojević
2021, 14(3): 483-522 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021013 +[Abstract](340) +[HTML](179) +[PDF](904.27KB)
Abstract:

In this paper, we consider the kinetic model of continuous type describing a polyatomic gas in two different settings corresponding to a different choice of the functional space used to define macroscopic quantities. Such a model introduces a single continuous variable supposed to capture all the phenomena related to the more complex structure of a polyatomic molecule. In particular, we provide a direct comparison of these two settings, and show their equivalence after the distribution function is rescaled and the cross section is reformulated. We then focus on the kinetic model for which the rigorous existence and uniqueness result in the space homogeneous case is recently proven. Using the cross section proposed in that analysis together with the maximum entropy principle, we establish macroscopic models of six and fourteen fields. In the case of six moments, we calculate the exact, nonlinear, production term and prove its total agreement with extended thermodynamics. Moreover, for the fourteen moments model, we provide new expressions for relaxation times and transport coefficients in a linearized setting, that yield both matching with the experimental data for dependence of the shear viscosity upon temperature and a satisfactory agreement with the theoretical value of the Prandtl number.

A model of cultural evolution in the context of strategic conflict
Misha Perepelitsa
2021, 14(3): 523-539 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021014 +[Abstract](232) +[HTML](117) +[PDF](356.44KB)
Abstract:

We consider a model of cultural evolution for a strategy selection in a population of individuals who interact in a game theoretic framework. The evolution combines individual learning of the environment (population strategy profile), reproduction, proportional to the success of the acquired knowledge, and social transmission of the knowledge to the next generation. A mean-field type equation is derived that describes the dynamics of the distribution of cultural traits, in terms of the rate of learning, the reproduction rate and population size. We establish global well-posedness of the initial-boundary value problem for this equation and give several examples that illustrate the process of the cultural evolution.

Macroscopic limit of the kinetic Bloch equation
Kamel Hamdache and Djamila Hamroun
2021, 14(3): 541-570 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021015 +[Abstract](269) +[HTML](109) +[PDF](476.28KB)
Abstract:

This work concerns the existence of solution of the kinetic spinor Boltzmann equation as well as the asymptotic behavior of such solution when \begin{document}$ \varepsilon \to 0 $\end{document}, that is when the time relaxation of the spin-flip collisions is very small in comparison to the time relaxation parameter of the collisions with no spin reversal. Due to the lack of regularity of the weak solution, the switching term \begin{document}$ H_\varepsilon\times M_\varepsilon $\end{document} is not stable under the weak convergences. Hence we establish new estimates of the solutions in a weighted Sobolev space of order 3.

2019  Impact Factor: 1.311

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