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Kinetic and Related Models

August 2021 , Volume 14 , Issue 4

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Global strong solutions in $ {\mathbb{R}}^3 $ for ionic Vlasov-Poisson systems
Megan Griffin-Pickering and Mikaela Iacobelli
2021, 14(4): 571-597 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021016 +[Abstract](743) +[HTML](218) +[PDF](409.02KB)

Systems of Vlasov-Poisson type are kinetic models describing dilute plasma. The structure of the model differs according to whether it describes the electrons or positively charged ions in the plasma. In contrast to the electron case, where the well-posedness theory for Vlasov-Poisson systems is well established, the well-posedness theory for ion models has been investigated more recently. In this article, we prove global well-posedness for two Vlasov-Poisson systems for ions, posed on the whole three-dimensional Euclidean space \begin{document}$ \mathbb{R}^3 $\end{document}, under minimal assumptions on the initial data and the confining potential.

Incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier limit from the Landau equation
Mohamad Rachid
2021, 14(4): 599-638 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021017 +[Abstract](822) +[HTML](207) +[PDF](546.62KB)

In this work, we provide a result on the derivation of the incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier system from the Landau equation for hard, Maxwellian and moderately soft potentials. To this end, we first investigate the Cauchy theory associated to the rescaled Landau equation for small initial data. Our approach is based on proving estimates of some adapted Sobolev norms of the solution that are uniform in the Knudsen number. These uniform estimates also allow us to obtain a result of weak convergence towards the fluid limit system.

Inelastic Boltzmann equation driven by a particle thermal bath
Rafael Sanabria
2021, 14(4): 639-679 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021018 +[Abstract](639) +[HTML](167) +[PDF](561.13KB)

We consider the spatially inhomogeneous Boltzmann equation for inelastic hard-spheres, with constant restitution coefficient \begin{document}$ \alpha\in(0,1) $\end{document}, under the thermalization induced by a host medium with fixed \begin{document}$ e\in(0,1] $\end{document} and a fixed Maxwellian distribution. When the restitution coefficient \begin{document}$ \alpha $\end{document} is close to 1 we prove existence and uniqueness of global solutions considering the close-to-equilibrium regime. We also study the long-time behaviour of these solutions and prove a convergence to equilibrium with an exponential rate.

Density dependent diffusion models for the interaction of particle ensembles with boundaries
Jennifer Weissen, Simone Göttlich and Dieter Armbruster
2021, 14(4): 681-704 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021019 +[Abstract](710) +[HTML](166) +[PDF](724.75KB)

The transition from a microscopic model for the movement of many particles to a macroscopic continuum model for a density flow is studied. The microscopic model for the free flow is completely deterministic, described by an interaction potential that leads to a coherent motion where all particles move in the same direction with the same speed known as a flock. Interaction of the flock with boundaries, obstacles and other flocks leads to a temporary destruction of the coherent motion that macroscopically can be modeled through density dependent diffusion. The resulting macroscopic model is an advection-diffusion equation for the particle density whose diffusion coefficient is density dependent. Examples describing ⅰ) the interaction of material flow on a conveyor belt with an obstacle that redirects or restricts the material flow and ⅱ) the interaction of flocks (of fish or birds) with boundaries and ⅲ) the scattering of two flocks as they bounce off each other are discussed. In each case, the advection-diffusion equation is strictly hyperbolic before and after the interaction while the interaction phase is described by a parabolic equation. A numerical algorithm to solve the advection-diffusion equation through the transition is presented.

Lower bound for the Boltzmann equation whose regularity grows tempered with time
Ling-Bing He, Jie Ji and Ling-Xuan Shao
2021, 14(4): 705-724 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021020 +[Abstract](796) +[HTML](220) +[PDF](460.58KB)

As a first step towards the general global-in-time stability for the Boltzmann equation with soft potentials, in the present work, we prove the quantitative lower bounds for the equation under the following two assumptions, which stem from the available energy estimates, i.e. (ⅰ). the hydrodynamic quantities (local mass, local energy, and local entropy density) are bounded (from below or from above) uniformly in time, (ⅱ). the Sobolev regularity for the solution grows tempered with time.

A spectral study of the linearized Boltzmann operator in $ L^2 $-spaces with polynomial and Gaussian weights
Pierre Gervais
2021, 14(4): 725-747 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021022 +[Abstract](907) +[HTML](179) +[PDF](430.29KB)

The spectrum structure of the linearized Boltzmann operator has been a subject of interest for over fifty years and has been inspected in the space \begin{document}$ L^2\left( {\mathbb R}^d, \exp(|v|^2/4)\right) $\end{document} by B. Nicolaenko [27] in the case of hard spheres, then generalized to hard and Maxwellian potentials by R. Ellis and M. Pinsky [13], and S. Ukai proved the existence of a spectral gap for large frequencies [33]. The aim of this paper is to extend to the spaces \begin{document}$ L^2\left( {\mathbb R}^d, (1+|v|)^{k}\right) $\end{document} the spectral studies from [13,33]. More precisely, we look at the Fourier transform in the space variable of the inhomogeneous operator and consider the dual Fourier variable as a fixed parameter. We then perform a precise study of this operator for small frequencies (by seeing it as a perturbation of the homogeneous one) and also for large frequencies from spectral and semigroup point of views. Our approach is based on Kato's perturbation theory for linear operators [22] as well as enlargement arguments from [25,19].

2020 Impact Factor: 1.432
5 Year Impact Factor: 1.641
2021 CiteScore: 2.7




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