Kinetic & Related Models
December 2021 , Volume 14 , Issue 6
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Various flocking results have been established for the delayed Cucker-Smale model, especially in the long range communication case. However, the short range communication case is more realistic due to the limited communication ability. In this case, the non-flocking behavior can be frequently observed in numerical simulations. Furthermore, it has potential applications in many practical situations, such as the opinion disagreement in society, fish flock breaking and so on. Therefore, we firstly consider the non-flocking behavior of the delayed Cucker
In this paper, we address the Cauchy problem for the relativistic BGK model proposed by Anderson and Witting for massless particles in the Friedmann-Lemaȋtre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetime. We first derive the explicit form of the Jüttner distribution in the FLRW spacetime, together with a set of nonlinear relations that leads to the conservation laws of particle number, momentum, and energy for both Maxwell-Boltzmann particles and Bose-Einstein particles. Then, we find sufficient conditions that guarantee the existence of equilibrium coefficients satisfying the nonlinear relations and we show that the condition is satisfied through all the induction steps once it is verified for the initial step. Using this observation, we construct explicit solutions of the relativistic BGK model of Anderson-Witting type for massless particles in the FLRW spacetime.
The small and large size behavior of stationary solutions to the fragmentation equation with size diffusion is investigated. It is shown that these solutions behave like stretched exponentials for large sizes, the exponent in the exponential being solely given by the behavior of the overall fragmentation rate at infinity. In contrast, the small size behavior is partially governed by the daughter fragmentation distribution and is at most linear, with possibly non-algebraic behavior. Explicit solutions are also provided for particular fragmentation coefficients.
The fundamental derivation of macroscopic model equations to describe swarms based on microscopic movement laws and mathematical analyses into their self-organisation capabilities remains a challenge from the perspective of both modelling and analysis. In this paper we clarify relevant continuous macroscopic model equations that describe follower-leader interactions for a swarm where these two populations are fixed. We study the behaviour of the swarm over long and short time scales to shed light on the number of leaders needed to initiate swarm movement, according to the homogeneous or inhomogeneous nature of the interaction (alignment) kernel. The results indicate the crucial role played by the interaction kernel to model transient behaviour.
We study a uniform-in-time continuum limit of the lattice Winfree model(LWM) and its asymptotic dynamics which depends on system functions such as natural frequency function and coupling strength function. The continuum Winfree model(CWM) is an integro-differential equation for the temporal evolution of Winfree phase field. The LWM describes synchronous behavior of weakly coupled Winfree oscillators on a lattice lying in a compact region. For bounded measurable initial phase field, we establish a global well-posedness of classical solutions to the CWM under suitable assumptions on coupling function, and we also show that a classical solution to the CWM can be obtained as a
This article is devoted to the kinetic description in phase space of magnetically confined plasmas. It addresses the problem of stability near equilibria of the Relativistic Vlasov Maxwell system. We work under the Glassey-Strauss compactly supported momentum assumption on the density function
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