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Kinetic and Related Models

February 2022 , Volume 15 , Issue 1

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Diffusion limit and the optimal convergence rate of the Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck system
Mingying Zhong
2022, 15(1): 1-26 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021041 +[Abstract](461) +[HTML](163) +[PDF](587.79KB)

In the present paper, we study the diffusion limit of the classical solution to the Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck (VPFP) system with initial data near a global Maxwellian. We prove the convergence and establish the optimal convergence rate of the global strong solution to the VPFP system towards the solution to the drift-diffusion-Poisson system based on the spectral analysis with precise estimation on the initial layer.

A kinetic chemotaxis model with internal states and temporal sensing
Zhi-An Wang
2022, 15(1): 27-48 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021043 +[Abstract](415) +[HTML](140) +[PDF](558.86KB)

By employing the Fourier transform to derive key a priori estimates for the temporal gradient of the chemical signal, we establish the existence of global solutions and hydrodynamic limit of a chemotactic kinetic model with internal states and temporal gradient in one dimension, which is a system of two transport equations coupled to a parabolic equation proposed in [4].

A neural network closure for the Euler-Poisson system based on kinetic simulations
Léo Bois, Emmanuel Franck, Laurent Navoret and Vincent Vigon
2022, 15(1): 49-89 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021044 +[Abstract](460) +[HTML](153) +[PDF](1189.4KB)

This work deals with the modeling of plasmas, which are ionized gases. Thanks to machine learning, we construct a closure for the one-dimensional Euler-Poisson system valid for a wide range of collisional regimes. This closure, based on a fully convolutional neural network called V-net, takes as input the whole spatial density, mean velocity and temperature and predicts as output the whole heat flux. It is learned from data coming from kinetic simulations of the Vlasov-Poisson equations. Data generation and preprocessings are designed to ensure an almost uniform accuracy over the chosen range of Knudsen numbers (which parametrize collisional regimes). Finally, several numerical tests are carried out to assess validity and flexibility of the whole pipeline.

A lower bound for the spectral gap of the conjugate Kac process with 3 interacting particles
Luís Simão Ferreira
2022, 15(1): 91-117 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021045 +[Abstract](373) +[HTML](132) +[PDF](666.63KB)

In this paper, we proceed as suggested in the final section of [2] and prove a lower bound for the spectral gap of the conjugate Kac process with 3 interacting particles. This bound turns out to be around \begin{document}$ 0.02 $\end{document}, which is already physically meaningful, and we perform Monte Carlo simulations to provide a better empirical estimate for this value via entropy production inequalities. This finishes a complete quantitative estimate of the spectral gap of the Kac process.

Sharp decay estimates for the Vlasov-Poisson and Vlasov-Yukawa systems with small data
Xianglong Duan
2022, 15(1): 119-146 doi: 10.3934/krm.2021049 +[Abstract](450) +[HTML](100) +[PDF](576.74KB)

In this paper, we present sharp decay estimates for small data solutions to the following two systems: the Vlasov-Poisson (V-P) system in dimension 3 or higher and the Vlasov-Yukawa (V-Y) system in dimension 2 or higher. We rely on a modification of the vector field method for transport equation as developed by Smulevici in 2016 for the Vlasov-Poisson system. Using the Green's function in particular to estimate the bilinear terms, we improve Smulevici's result by removing the requirement of some \begin{document}$ v $\end{document}-weighted \begin{document}$ L^p $\end{document} integrability for the initial data and extend the result to the Vlasov-Yukawa system.

2021 Impact Factor: 1.398
5 Year Impact Factor: 1.685
2021 CiteScore: 2.7




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