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Journal of Geometric Mechanics

December 2021 , Volume 13 , Issue 4

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Error analysis of forced discrete mechanical systems
Javier Fernández, Sebastián Elías Graiff Zurita and Sergio Grillo
2021, 13(4): 533-606 doi: 10.3934/jgm.2021017 +[Abstract](464) +[HTML](211) +[PDF](814.29KB)

The purpose of this paper is to perform an error analysis of the variational integrators of mechanical systems subject to external forcing. Essentially, we prove that when a discretization of contact order \begin{document}$ r $\end{document} of the Lagrangian and force are used, the integrator has the same contact order. Our analysis is performed first for discrete forced mechanical systems defined over \begin{document}$ TQ $\end{document}, where we study the existence of flows, the construction and properties of discrete exact systems and the contact order of the flows (variational integrators) in terms of the contact order of the original systems. Then we use those results to derive the corresponding analysis for the analogous forced systems defined over \begin{document}$ Q\times Q $\end{document}.

On computational Poisson geometry I: Symbolic foundations
Miguel Ángel Evangelista-Alvarado, José Crispín Ruíz-Pantaleón and Pablo Suárez-Serrato
2021, 13(4): 607-628 doi: 10.3934/jgm.2021018 +[Abstract](595) +[HTML](221) +[PDF](475.5KB)

We present a computational toolkit for (local) Poisson-Nijenhuis calculus on manifolds. Our Python module $\textsf{PoissonGeometry}$ implements our algorithms and accompanies this paper. Examples of how our methods can be used are explained, including gauge transformations of Poisson bivector in dimension 3, parametric Poisson bivector fields in dimension 4, and Hamiltonian vector fields of parametric families of Poisson bivectors in dimension 6.

Explicit solutions of the kinetic and potential matching conditions of the energy shaping method
Sergio Grillo, Leandro Salomone and Marcela Zuccalli
2021, 13(4): 629-646 doi: 10.3934/jgm.2021022 +[Abstract](440) +[HTML](202) +[PDF](397.72KB)

In the context of underactuated Hamiltonian systems defined by simple Hamiltonian functions, the matching conditions of the energy shaping method split into two decoupled subsets of equations: the kinetic and potential equations. The unknown of the kinetic equation is a metric on the configuration space of the system, while the unknown of the potential equation are the same metric and a positive-definite function around some critical point of the Hamiltonian function. In this paper, assuming that a solution of the kinetic equation is given, we find conditions (in the \begin{document}$ C^{\infty} $\end{document} category) for the existence of positive-definite solutions of the potential equation and, moreover, we present a procedure to construct, up to quadratures, some of these solutions. In order to illustrate such a procedure, we consider the subclass of systems with one degree of underactuation, where we find in addition a concrete formula for the general solution of the kinetic equation. As a byproduct, new global and local expressions of the matching conditions are presented in the paper.

Dimension reduction in recurrent networks by canonicalization
Lyudmila Grigoryeva and Juan-Pablo Ortega
2021, 13(4): 647-677 doi: 10.3934/jgm.2021028 +[Abstract](271) +[HTML](87) +[PDF](550.34KB)

Many recurrent neural network machine learning paradigms can be formulated using state-space representations. The classical notion of canonical state-space realization is adapted in this paper to accommodate semi-infinite inputs so that it can be used as a dimension reduction tool in the recurrent networks setup. The so-called input forgetting property is identified as the key hypothesis that guarantees the existence and uniqueness (up to system isomorphisms) of canonical realizations for causal and time-invariant input/output systems with semi-infinite inputs. Additionally, the notion of optimal reduction coming from the theory of symmetric Hamiltonian systems is implemented in our setup to construct canonical realizations out of input forgetting but not necessarily canonical ones. These two procedures are studied in detail in the framework of linear fading memory input/output systems. {Finally, the notion of implicit reduction using reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS) is introduced which allows, for systems with linear readouts, to achieve dimension reduction without the need to actually compute the reduced spaces introduced in the first part of the paper.

Erratum for "Error analysis of forced discrete mechanical systems"
Javier Fernández, Sebastián Elías Graiff Zurita and Sergio Grillo
2021, 13(4): 679-679 doi: 10.3934/jgm.2021030 +[Abstract](5139) +[HTML](49) +[PDF](152.43KB)

2020 Impact Factor: 0.857
5 Year Impact Factor: 0.807
2020 CiteScore: 1.3



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