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Journal of Computational Dynamics

January 2022 , Volume 9 , Issue 1

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Model reduction for a power grid model
Jing Li and Panos Stinis
2022, 9(1): 1-26 doi: 10.3934/jcd.2021019 +[Abstract](400) +[HTML](187) +[PDF](4476.24KB)

We examine the complexity of constructing reduced order models for subsets of the variables needed to represent the state of the power grid. In particular, we apply model reduction techniques to the DeMarco-Zheng power grid model. We show that due to the oscillating nature of the solutions and the absence of timescale separation between resolved and unresolved variables, the construction of accurate reduced models becomes highly non-trivial because one has to account for long memory effects. In addition, we show that a reduced model that includes even a short memory is drastically better than a memoryless model.

Motion tomography via occupation kernels
Benjamin P. Russo, Rushikesh Kamalapurkar, Dongsik Chang and Joel A. Rosenfeld
2022, 9(1): 27-45 doi: 10.3934/jcd.2021026 +[Abstract](1073) +[HTML](145) +[PDF](535.07KB)

The goal of motion tomography is to recover a description of a vector flow field using measurements along the trajectory of a sensing unit. In this paper, we develop a predictor corrector algorithm designed to recover vector flow fields from trajectory data with the use of occupation kernels developed by Rosenfeld et al. [9,10]. Specifically, we use the occupation kernels as an adaptive basis; that is, the trajectories defining our occupation kernels are iteratively updated to improve the estimation in the next stage. Initial estimates are established, then under mild assumptions, such as relatively straight trajectories, convergence is proven using the Contraction Mapping Theorem. We then compare the developed method with the established method by Chang et al. [5] by defining a set of error metrics. We found that for simulated data, where a ground truth is available, our method offers a marked improvement over [5]. For a real-world example, where ground truth is not available, our results are similar results to the established method.

2020 CiteScore: 1




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