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2577-8838

## Mathematical Foundations of Computing

August 2020 , Volume 3 , Issue 3

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**Abstract:**

With the expansion of application areas of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications, there is a rising demand to realize UAV navigation by means of computer vision. Speeded-Up Robust Features (SURF) is an ideal image matching algorithm to be applied to solve the location for UAV. However, if there is a large scale difference between two images with the same scene taken by UAV and satellite respectively, it is difficult to apply SURF to complete the accurate image matching directly. In this paper, a fast image matching algorithm which can bridge the huge scale gap is proposed. The fast matching algorithm searches an optimal scaling ratio based on the ground distance represented by pixel. Meanwhile, a validity index for validating the performance of matching is given. The experimental results illustrate that the proposed algorithm performs better performance both on speed and accuracy. What's more, the proposed algorithm can also obtain the correct matching results on the images with rotation. Therefore, the proposed algorithm could be applied to location and navigation for UAV in future.

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**Abstract:**

A proper choice of parameters of the Jacobi modular identity (Jacobi Imaginary transformation) implies that the summation of Gaussian shifts on infinity periodic grids can be represented as the Jacobi's third Theta function. As such, connection between summation of Gaussian shifts and the solution to a Schrödinger equation is explicitly shown. A concise and controllable upper bound of the saturation error for approximating constant functions with summation of Gaussian shifts can be immediately obtained in terms of the underlying shape parameter of the Gaussian. This sheds light on how to choose a shape parameter and provides further understanding on using Gaussians with increasingly flatness.

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**Abstract:**

Additive models, due to their high flexibility, have received a great deal of attention in high dimensional regression analysis. Many efforts have been made on capturing interactions between predictive variables within additive models. However, typical approaches are designed based on conditional mean assumptions, which may fail to reveal the structure when data is contaminated by heavy-tailed noise. In this paper, we propose a penalized modal regression method, Modal Additive Models (MAM), based on a conditional mode assumption for simultaneous function estimation and structure identification. MAM approximates the non-parametric function through forward neural networks, and maximizes modal risk with constraints on the function space and group structure. The proposed approach can be implemented by the half-quadratic (HQ) optimization technique, and its asymptotic estimation and selection consistency are established. It turns out that MAM can achieve satisfactory learning rate and identify the target group structure with high probability. The effectiveness of MAM is also supported by some simulated examples.

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we proposed two strategies, averaging and voting, to implement distributed classification via the divide and conquer approach. When a data set is too big to be processed by one processor or is naturally stored in different locations, the method partitions the whole data into multiple subsets randomly or according to their locations. Then a base classification algorithm is applied to each subset to produce a local classification model. Finally, averaging or voting is used to couple the local models together to produce the final classification model. We performed thorough empirical studies to compare the two strategies. The results show that averaging is more effective in most scenarios.

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we obtain sufficient conditions for the nonexistence of global solutions for the system of

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**Abstract:**

We present a sparse representer theorem for regularization networks in a reproducing kernel Banach space with the

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