Electronic Research Archive
September 2020 , Volume 28 , Issue 3
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In this paper we consider a free boundary problem with nonlocal diffusion describing information diffusion in online social networks. This model can be viewed as a nonlocal version of the free boundary problem studied by Ren et al. (Spreading-vanishing dichotomy in information diffusion in online social networks with intervention, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B, 24 (2019) 1843–1865). We first show that this problem has a unique solution for all
In recent years, many numerical methods have been extended to fractional integro-differential equations. But most of them ignore an important problem. Even if the input function is smooth, the solutions of these equations would exhibit some weak singularity, which leads to non-smooth solutions, and a deteriorate order of convergence. To overcome this problem, we first study in detail the singularity of the fractional integro-differential equation, and then eliminate the singularity by introducing some smoothing transformation. We can maximize the convergence rate by adjusting the parameters in the auxiliary transformation. We use the Jacobi spectral-collocation method with global and high precision characteristics to solve the transformed equation. A comprehensive and rigorous error estimation under the
In this paper, we construct a modular grad-div stabilization method for the Navier-Stokes/Darcy model, which is based on the first order Backward Euler scheme. This method does not enlarge the accuracy of numerical solution, but also can improve mass conservation and relax the influence of parameters. Herein, we give stability analysis and error estimations. Finally, by some numerical experiment, the scheme our proposed is shown to be valid.
In this work, a multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is proposed to solve a coupled chemotaxis-fluid model. In the evolution equation of the proposed LBM, Beam-Warming (B-W) scheme is used to enhance the numerical stability. In numerical experiments, at first, the comparison between the classical LBM and the present LBM with B-W scheme is carried out by simulating blow up phenomenon of the Keller-Segel (K-S) model. Numerical results show that the stability of the present LBM with B-W scheme is better than the classical one. Then, the second order convergence rate of the proposed B-W scheme is verified in the numerical study of the coupled Navier-Stokes (N-S) K-S model. Finally, through solving the coupled chemotaxis-fluid model, the formation of falling bacterial plumes is numerically investigated. Numerical results agree well with existing ones in the literature.
In this paper, we give the constructions of the coequalizer and coproduct objects for the category of crossed modules, in a modified category of interest (MCI). In other words, we prove that the corresponding category is finitely cocomplete.
We consider a particular type of inverse problems where an unknown source embedded in an inhomogeneous medium, and one intends to recover the source and/or the medium by knowledge of the wave field (generated by the unknown source) outside the medium. This type of inverse problems arises in many applications of practical importance, including photoacoustic and thermoacoustic tomography, brain imaging and geomagnetic anomaly detections. We survey the recent mathematical developments on this type of inverse problems. We discuss the mathematical tools developed for effectively tackling this type of inverse problems. We also discuss a related inverse problem of recovering an embedded obstacle and its surrounding medium by active measurements.
We consider the anomalous localized resonance induced by negative elastic metamaterials and its application in invisibility cloaking. We survey the recent mathematical developments in the literature and discuss two mathematical strategies that have been developed for tackling this peculiar resonance phenomenon. The first one is the spectral method, which explores the anomalous localized resonance through investigating the spectral system of the associated Neumann-Poincaré operator. The other one is the variational method, which considers the anomalous localized resonance via calculating the nontrivial kernels of a non-elliptic partial differential operator. The advantages and the relationship between the two methods are discussed. Finally, we propose some open problems for the future study.
Via symbolic computation we deduce 97 new type series for powers of
where the generalized central trinomial coefficient
Eighteen of the new series in this paper involve some imaginary quadratic fields with class number
In this paper, two properties of the pullback attractor for a 2D non-autonomous micropolar fluid flows with delay on unbounded domains are investigated. First, we establish the
In this paper we study the continuity in initial data of a classical reaction-diffusion equation with arbitrary
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