Electronic Research Archive
March 2021 , Volume 29 , Issue 1
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In this paper, we show that a weak solution
The objective of the current paper is to investigate the dynamics of a new bioeconomic predator prey system with only predator's harvesting and Holling type Ⅲ response function. The system is equipped with an algebraic equation because of the economic revenue. We offer a detailed mathematical analysis of the proposed model to illustrate some of the significant results. The boundedness and positivity of solutions for the model are examined. Coexistence equilibria of the bioeconomic system have been thoroughly investigated and the behaviours of the model around them are described by means of qualitative theory of dynamical systems (such as local stability and Hopf bifurcation). The obtained results provide a useful platform to understand the role of the economic revenue
In this paper, we provide an effective method for estimating the thresholds of the stochastic models with time delays by using of the nonnegative semimartingale convergence theorem. Firstly, we establish the stochastic delay differential equation models for two diseases, and obtain two thresholds of two diseases and the sufficient conditions for the persistence and extinction of two diseases. Then, numerical simulations for co-infection of HIV/AIDS and Gonorrhea in Yunnan Province, China, are carried out. Finally, we discuss some biological implications and focus on the impact of some key model parameters. One of the most interesting findings is that the stochastic fluctuation and time delays introduced into the deterministic models can suppress the outbreak of the diseases, which can provide some useful control strategies to regulate the dynamics of the diseases, and the numerical simulations verify this phenomenon.
In this paper, we will investigate some properties for almost cellular algebras. We compare the almost cellular algebras with quasi-hereditary algebras, which are known to carry any homological and categorical structures. We prove that any almost cellular algebra is the iterated inflation and obtain some sufficient and necessary conditions for an almost cellular algebra
In present paper, we deal with the behavior of a solution beyond the occurrence of wave breaking for a modified periodic Coupled Camassa-Holm system. By introducing a new set of independent and dependent variables, which resolve all singularities due to possible wave breaking, this evolution system is rewritten as a closed semilinear system. The local existence of the semilinear system is obtained as fixed points of a contractive transformation. Moreover, this formulation allows us to continue the solution after wave breaking, and gives a global conservative solution where the energy is conserved for almost all times. Returning to the original variables. We finally obtain a semigroup of global conservative solutions, which depend continuously on the initial data. Additionally, our results repair some gaps in the pervious work.
In this paper, we investigate a final boundary value problem for a class of fractional with parameter
In this paper, the second-order scalar auxiliary variable approach in time and linear finite element method in space are employed for solving the Cahn-Hilliard type equation of the phase field crystal model. The energy stability of the fully discrete scheme and the boundedness of numerical solution are studied. The rigorous error estimates of order
Unique identifiability by finitely many far-field measurements in the inverse scattering theory is a highly challenging fundamental mathematical topic. In this paper, we survey some recent progress on the inverse obstacle scattering problems and the inverse medium scattering problems associated with time-harmonic waves within a certain polyhedral geometry, where one can establish the unique identifiability results by finitely many measurements. Some unique identifiability issues on the inverse diffraction grating problems are also considered. Furthermore, the geometrical structures of Laplacian and transmission eigenfunctions are reviewed, which have important applications in the unique determination for inverse obstacle and medium scattering problems with finitely many measurements. We discuss the mathematical techniques and methods developed in the literature. Finally, we raise some intriguing open problems for the future investigation.
We prove some results on the stability of slow stationary solutions of the MHD equations in two- and three-dimensional bounded domains for external force fields that are asymptotically autonomous. Our results show that weak solutions are asymptotically stable in time in the
The goal of this paper is to provide a new combinatorial meaning to two fifth order and four sixth order mock theta functions. Lattice paths of Agarwal and Bressoud with certain modifications are used as a tool to study these functions.
In this paper, we propose a conservative semi-Lagrangian finite difference (SLFD) weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) scheme, based on Runge-Kutta exponential integrator (RKEI) method, to solve one-dimensional scalar nonlinear hyperbolic equations. Conservative semi-Lagrangian schemes, under the finite difference framework, usually are designed only for linear or quasilinear conservative hyperbolic equations. Here we combine a conservative SLFD scheme developed in [
In this paper, we establish a new summation formula for Schur processes, called the complete summation formula. As an application, we obtain the generating function and the asymptotic formula for the number of doubled shifted plane partitions, which can be viewed as plane partitions "shifted at the two sides". We prove that the order of the asymptotic formula depends only on the diagonal width of the doubled shifted plane partition, not on the profile (the skew zone) itself. By using similar methods, the generating function and the asymptotic formula for the number of symmetric cylindric partitions are also derived.
The mathematical model of a semiconductor device is described by a coupled system of three quasilinear partial differential equations. The mixed finite element method is presented for the approximation of the electrostatic potential equation, and the characteristics finite element method is used for the concentration equations. First, we estimate the mixed finite element and the characteristics finite element method solution in the sense of the
In this paper, we develop a viscosity robust weak Galerkin finite element scheme for Stokes equations. The major idea for achieving pressure-independent energy-error estimate is to use a divergence preserving velocity reconstruction operator in the discretization of the right hand side body force. The optimal convergence results for velocity and pressure have been established in this paper. Finally, numerical examples are presented for validating the theoretical conclusions.
A weak Galerkin (WG) finite element method is presented for nonlinear conservation laws. There are two built-in parameters in this WG framework. Different choices of the parameters will lead to different approaches for solving hyperbolic conservation laws. The convergence analysis is obtained for the forward Euler time discrete and the third order explicit TVDRK time discrete WG schemes respectively. The theoretical results are verified by numerical experiments.
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