October  2016, 3(4): 355-369. doi: 10.3934/jdg.2016019

Conflict, private and communal property

1. 

Al Ajusco 20, México City, 10740 México, D.F., Mexico, Mexico

Received  December 2015 Revised  May 2016 Published  October 2016

This paper develops a model where agents can create private property rights on a resource by making appropriative activities. We show that the value of the resource has a non-monotonic effect on the emergence of private property. When the resource is sufficiently valuable, agents have an incentive to leave a sharing agreement and private property can appear. However if the value of the resource increases beyond a given threshold, deviations from the sharing agreement leads to a very costly confrontation. In this case, private property is not sustainable. Our analysis also finds that population size has an important effect on the size of the parameter set in which private property is sustainable.
Citation: Pablo Sánchez, Jaume Sempere. Conflict, private and communal property. Journal of Dynamics and Games, 2016, 3 (4) : 355-369. doi: 10.3934/jdg.2016019
References:
[1]

A. Alchian and H. Demsetz, The property rights paradigm, Journal of Economic History, 33 (1973), 16-27. doi: 10.1017/S0022050700076403.

[2]

A. Bogomolnaia and M. Jackson, The stability of hedonic coalition structures, Games and Economic Behavior, 38 (2002), 201-230. doi: 10.1006/game.2001.0877.

[3]

F. Bloch, Sequential formation of coalitions in games with externalities and fixed payoff Division, Games and Economic Behavior, 14 (1996), 90-123. doi: 10.1006/game.1996.0043.

[4]

F. Bloch, Endogenous Formation of Alliances in Conflicts, The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict (ed. M. Garfinkel and S. Skaperdas), Oxford University Press, 2011. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195392777.013.0020.

[5]

M. S. Y. Chwe, Farsighted coalition stability, Journal of Economic Theory, 63 (1994), 299-325. doi: 10.1006/jeth.1994.1044.

[6]

D. de Meza and J. R. Gould, The social efficiency of private decisions to enforce property rights, Journal of Political Economy, 100 (1992), 561-580.

[7]

H. Demsetz, Towards a theory of property rights, Classic Papers in Natural Resource Economics, 3 (2000), 163-177. doi: 10.1057/9780230523210_9.

[8]

M. Garfinkel and S. Skaperdas, Economics of conflict: An overview, in Handbook of Defense Economics (ed. T. Sandler and K. Hartley), Vol 2., Elsevier (2007). doi: 10.2139/ssrn.895307.

[9]

H. Grossman, The Creation of effective property rights, American Economic Review, 91 (2001), 347-352. doi: 10.1257/aer.91.2.347.

[10]

S. Hart and M. Kurz, Endogenous formation of coalitions, Econometrica, 51 (1983), 1047-1064. doi: 10.2307/1912051.

[11]

T. Miceli and D. Lueck, Property Law, in Handbook of Law and Economics (ed. M. Polinsky and S. Shavell), Elsevier, 2007.

[12]

R. Posner, Economic analysis of the law, Stanford Law Review, 26 (1974), p711. doi: 10.2307/1227682.

[13]

D. Ray and R. Vohra, A theory of endogenous coalition structures, Games and Economic Behavior, 26 (1999), 286-336. doi: 10.1006/game.1998.0648.

[14]

D. Ray and R. Vohra, Farsighted stable set, Econometrica, 83 (2015), 977-1011. doi: 10.3982/ECTA12022.

[15]

S. Sanchez-Pages, On the social efficiency of conflict, Economics Letters, 90 (2006), 96-101. doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2005.07.011.

[16]

S. Sanchez-Pages, Rivalry, exclusion and coalitions, Journal of Public Economic Theory, 9 (2007), 809-830. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9779.2007.00333.x.

[17]

S. Skaperdas, Cooperation and conflict in the absence of property rights, American Economic Review, 82 (1992), 720-739.

[18]

S. Skaperdas, Contest success functions, Economic Theory, 7 (1996), 283-290. doi: 10.1007/BF01213906.

[19]

J. Umbeck, Might makes rights: A theory of the foundation and initial distribution of property rights, Economic Inquiry, 19 (1981), 38-59. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1981.tb00602.x.

show all references

References:
[1]

A. Alchian and H. Demsetz, The property rights paradigm, Journal of Economic History, 33 (1973), 16-27. doi: 10.1017/S0022050700076403.

[2]

A. Bogomolnaia and M. Jackson, The stability of hedonic coalition structures, Games and Economic Behavior, 38 (2002), 201-230. doi: 10.1006/game.2001.0877.

[3]

F. Bloch, Sequential formation of coalitions in games with externalities and fixed payoff Division, Games and Economic Behavior, 14 (1996), 90-123. doi: 10.1006/game.1996.0043.

[4]

F. Bloch, Endogenous Formation of Alliances in Conflicts, The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict (ed. M. Garfinkel and S. Skaperdas), Oxford University Press, 2011. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195392777.013.0020.

[5]

M. S. Y. Chwe, Farsighted coalition stability, Journal of Economic Theory, 63 (1994), 299-325. doi: 10.1006/jeth.1994.1044.

[6]

D. de Meza and J. R. Gould, The social efficiency of private decisions to enforce property rights, Journal of Political Economy, 100 (1992), 561-580.

[7]

H. Demsetz, Towards a theory of property rights, Classic Papers in Natural Resource Economics, 3 (2000), 163-177. doi: 10.1057/9780230523210_9.

[8]

M. Garfinkel and S. Skaperdas, Economics of conflict: An overview, in Handbook of Defense Economics (ed. T. Sandler and K. Hartley), Vol 2., Elsevier (2007). doi: 10.2139/ssrn.895307.

[9]

H. Grossman, The Creation of effective property rights, American Economic Review, 91 (2001), 347-352. doi: 10.1257/aer.91.2.347.

[10]

S. Hart and M. Kurz, Endogenous formation of coalitions, Econometrica, 51 (1983), 1047-1064. doi: 10.2307/1912051.

[11]

T. Miceli and D. Lueck, Property Law, in Handbook of Law and Economics (ed. M. Polinsky and S. Shavell), Elsevier, 2007.

[12]

R. Posner, Economic analysis of the law, Stanford Law Review, 26 (1974), p711. doi: 10.2307/1227682.

[13]

D. Ray and R. Vohra, A theory of endogenous coalition structures, Games and Economic Behavior, 26 (1999), 286-336. doi: 10.1006/game.1998.0648.

[14]

D. Ray and R. Vohra, Farsighted stable set, Econometrica, 83 (2015), 977-1011. doi: 10.3982/ECTA12022.

[15]

S. Sanchez-Pages, On the social efficiency of conflict, Economics Letters, 90 (2006), 96-101. doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2005.07.011.

[16]

S. Sanchez-Pages, Rivalry, exclusion and coalitions, Journal of Public Economic Theory, 9 (2007), 809-830. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9779.2007.00333.x.

[17]

S. Skaperdas, Cooperation and conflict in the absence of property rights, American Economic Review, 82 (1992), 720-739.

[18]

S. Skaperdas, Contest success functions, Economic Theory, 7 (1996), 283-290. doi: 10.1007/BF01213906.

[19]

J. Umbeck, Might makes rights: A theory of the foundation and initial distribution of property rights, Economic Inquiry, 19 (1981), 38-59. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1981.tb00602.x.

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