Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems
Open Access Articles
This paper solves a singular initial value problem for a system of ordinary differential equations describing a polygonal flow called a crystalline flow. Such a problem corresponds to a crystalline flow starting from a general polygon not necessarily admissible in the sense that the corresponding initial value problem is singular. To solve the problem, a self-similar expanding solution constructed by the first two authors with H. Hontani (2006) is effectively used.
In the paper we study what sets can be obtained as
In this paper we consider two classes of resonant Hamiltonian PDEs on the circle with non-convex (respect to actions) first order resonant Hamiltonian. We show that, for appropriate choices of the nonlinearities we can find time-independent linear potentials that enable the construction of solutions that undergo a prescribed growth in the Sobolev norms. The solutions that we provide follow closely the orbits of a nonlinear resonant model, which is a good approximation of the full equation. The non-convexity of the resonant Hamiltonian allows the existence of fast diffusion channels along which the orbits of the resonant model experience a large drift in the actions in the optimal time. This phenomenon induces a transfer of energy among the Fourier modes of the solutions, which in turn is responsible for the growth of higher order Sobolev norms.
In this paper, we study the equilibria of an anisotropic, nonlocal aggregation equation with nonlinear diffusion which does not possess a gradient flow structure. Here, the anisotropy is induced by an underlying tensor field. Anisotropic forces cannot be associated with a potential in general and stationary solutions of anisotropic aggregation equations generally cannot be regarded as minimizers of an energy functional. We derive equilibrium conditions for stationary line patterns in the setting of spatially homogeneous tensor fields. The stationary solutions can be regarded as the minimizers of a regularised energy functional depending on a scalar potential. A dimension reduction from the two- to the one-dimensional setting allows us to study the associated one-dimensional problem instead of the two-dimensional setting. We establish
We deal with the bistable reaction-diffusion equation in an infinite star graph, which consists of several half-lines with a common end point. The aim of our study is to show the existence of front-like entire solutions together with the asymptotic behaviors as
We study well-posedness of the complex-valued modified KdV equation (mKdV) on the real line. In particular, we prove local well-posedness of mKdV in modulation spaces
In this paper, we consider the quadratic nonlinear Schrödinger system in three space dimensions. Our aim is to obtain sharp scattering criteria. Because of the mass-subcritical nature, it is difficult to do so in terms of conserved quantities. The corresponding single equation is studied by the second author and a sharp scattering criterion is established by introducing a distance from a trivial scattering solution, the zero solution. By the structure of the nonlinearity we are dealing with, the system admits a scattering solution which is a pair of the zero function and a linear Schrödinger flow. Taking this fact into account, we introduce a new optimizing quantity and give a sharp scattering criterion in terms of it.
We are interested in the Neumann problem of a 1D stationary Allen-Cahn equation with a nonlocal term. In our previous papers [
The paper is devoted to analysis of far-from-equilibrium pattern formation in a system of a reaction-diffusion equation and an ordinary differential equation (ODE). Such systems arise in modeling of interactions between cellular processes and diffusing growth factors. Pattern formation results from hysteresis in the dependence of the quasi-stationary solution of the ODE on the diffusive component. Bistability alone, without hysteresis, does not result in stable patterns. We provide a systematic description of the hysteresis-driven stationary solutions, which may be monotone, periodic or irregular. We prove existence of infinitely many stationary solutions with jump discontinuity and their asymptotic stability for a certain class of reaction-diffusion-ODE systems. Nonlinear stability is proved using direct estimates of the model nonlinearities and properties of the strongly continuous diffusion semigroup.
Some reaction-diffusion models describing the cell polarity are proposed, where the system has two independent variables standing for the concentration of proteins in the membrane and the cytosol respectively. In this article we deal with such a polarity model consisting of one equation on a unit sphere and the other one in the ball inside the sphere. The two equations are coupled through a nonlinear boundary condition and the total mass is conserved. We investigate the linearized stability of a constant steady state and provide conditions under which a Turing type instability takes place, namely, the constant state is stable against spatially uniform perturbations on the sphere for all choices of diffusion rates, while unstable against nonuniform perturbations on the sphere as the diffusion coefficient of the equation on the sphere becomes small relative to the one in the ball.
We study the following Neumann problem in one dimension,
In 1979, Shigesada, Kawasaki and Teramoto [
We consider fully nonlinear uniformly elliptic cooperative systems with quadratic growth in the gradient, such as
We obtain uniform a priori bounds for systems, under a weak coupling hypothesis that seems to be optimal. As an application, we also establish existence and multiplicity results for these systems, including a branch of solutions which is new even in the scalar case.
The purpose of this paper is to study the solutions of
Under the assumption
For a balanced bistable reaction-diffusion equation, the existence of axisymmetric traveling fronts has been studied by Chen, Guo, Ninomiya, Hamel and Roquejoffre [
We establish a general theory on the existence of fixed points and the convergence of orbits in order-preserving semi-dynamical systems having a certain mass conservation property (or, equivalently, a first integral). The base space is an ordered metric space and we do not assume differentiability of the system nor do we even require linear structure in the base space. Our first main result states that any orbit either converges to a fixed point or escapes to infinity (convergence theorem). This will be shown without assuming the existence of a fixed point. Our second main result states that the existence of one fixed point implies the existence of a continuum of fixed points that are totally ordered (structure theorem). This latter result, when applied to a linear problem for which
In this paper, by constructing a family of approximation solutions and applying a specific version of the Implicit Function Theorem (please see, e.g. [
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